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February 12th 2009 saw the 200th  anniversary Charles Darwin’s birth.. The beautifully simple idea embodied in his most famous book, Origin of the Species – evolution by natural selection – was a revolutionary departure with profound scientific and philosophical implications. Following the footsteps of Copernicus and Galileo three hundred years earlier, Darwin battered an enormous, irreparable breech in the walls of Fortress Theology and for that reason the book has been the source of intense debate right up to the present day. Darwin sought and found an explanation – a mechanism – for the evolutionary changes in species, which other scientists were beginning to suspect, using a purely materialist method, without any recourse to God or metaphysics.